Courses of Instruction


Available as a major on the B.A. degree and as a minor on the B.A. and B.S. degrees.

Requirements for the B.A. degree with a major in History. 27 semester hours which will include HIST 10003, 10013 and 9 additional hours dealing with areas outside the Western Hemisphere, 6 of which must be in courses numbered 30000 or above; and 12 hours selected from courses dealing with the Western Hemisphere, 6 of which must be numbered 30000 or above. Students who complete the Honors Intellectual Traditions track (HHIT 10113, 20123, 20123) are exempted from HIST 10013 but must take HIST 10003 for the history major. In this Bulletin, courses dealing with the Western Hemisphere are marked (WH); Non Western Hemisphere courses are marked (NWH). Some courses may count in either category.

Requirements for a minor in History. 18 hours distributed as follows: 9 hours selected from courses dealing with the Western Hemisphere and 9 hours from courses dealing with areas outside the Western Hemisphere. (HIST 10003-10013 and HIST 10603-10613 are recommended, but are not required.) 6 hours must be 30000 or above.

Requirements for Secondary Certification. 24 semester hours which will include HIST 10003 and 10013, HIST 10603 and 10613 or 10903 and 10913, HIST 40743, and 9 semester hours at the 30000 level or above (with a maximum of 6 hours in either WH or NWH).

Honors Program. History majors who plan to pursue Departmental Honors must be members of the Honors Program and should enroll in HIST 30153 during their junior year and HIST 40103 during the fall semester of their senior year.

Honor Society. The Department of History sponsors the Eta Kappa Chapter of Phi Alpha Theta, national honor society in the discipline of history.

Pass/No Credit Option. Courses to be applied to the major or minor may not be taken on the Pass/No Credit basis.

The following is a complete list of courses offered by this department. Go to Class Search on the Registrar's Page to see which courses are being taught this semester.

Courses of Instruction

10003 HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION. (See the topical treatment listed below.) This course provides an introduction to all the social sciences. It is required of all history majors. Note that the emphasis and focus of the course differ depending on the topic specified in the subheading. The student may select whatever topic he wishes, but the course may not be repeated for credit.

10003 HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION: A SURVEY TO 1500. Examination of the developments of the foundation pillars of western civilization. Topics include the rise of civilization in the Near East, ancient Greece and Rome, the rise of Christianity, the impact of the Germanic invasions, Europe in the High Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the beginnings of overseas expansion. (NWH)

10003 HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION: GREAT FIGURES IN WORLD HISTORY TO 1500. The role of the individual in shaping the course of man's history. Outstanding men and women are examined as to their personalities, motivations, contributions, and as a reflection of the values and life styles of their own areas. Some of the figures treated are: The Egyptian Pharaoh Ikhnaton, Socrates, Pericles, Alexander the Great, Caesar, Cleopatra, Jesus Christ, Charlemagne, Henry II, and St. Francis of Assisi. (NWH)

10013 HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION. (See the topical treatments listed below) The student may select whatever topic he wishes, but the course may not be repeated for credit. (NWH)

10013 HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION: A SURVEY FROM 1500 TO THE PRESENT. The development of European society from the Reformation to the twentieth century. Topics include the Protestant and Catholic Reformations, cultural encounters with the New World, the rise of absolutism, the Enlightenment and democratic revolutions, industrialization, the emergence of liberalism, capitalism and socialism, and the two world wars. (NWH)

10013 HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION: GREAT FIGURES IN WORLD HISTORY FROM 1500 TO THE PRESENT. Introduction to history through a study of the prominent individuals who have helped shape the course of world events. Each figure will be treated in detail as an individual, but will also be associated with, and shown as, a reflection of the age in which he or she lived. Included will be such individuals as Luther, Elizabeth I, Napoleon, Hitler, Stalin, and Mao Tse-tung. (NWH)

10603 UNITED STATES HISTORY: A SURVEY TO 1877. Review of evolution of the American nation from the discovery of the New World to the end of the Civil War era, with emphasis on major forces shaping its development. (WH)

10613 UNITED STATES HISTORY: A SURVEY SINCE 1877. Review of the emergence of the American nation through the transitional crises of the past hundred years, with emphasis on the roots of movements persisting into the modern period. (WH)

10903-10913 ETHNIC ELEMENTS OF AMERICAN HISTORY. Comprehensive survey of the Old World antecedents, migrations, and socioeconomic contributions of the various ethnic groups comprising the American nation - Indians, Africans, Iberians, French, Dutch, English, Scots, Irish, German, Italians, Scandinavians, Eastern Europeans, Mexicans, and Asians - with emphasis on the continuing quest for identity, assimilation, and acculturation in the 20th century. (WH) Note: Credit will not be awarded for both 10603 and 10903 or for both 10613 and 10913.

10923 LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY: COLONIAL PERIOD. Hispanic and native backgrounds of the Spanish Conquest; a description and analysis of the evolution of colonial institutions; the independence movements in Hispanic America. (WH)

10933 LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY: NATIONAL PERIOD. The colonial inheritances which influenced national development; political and economic trends of the nineteenth century; revolutionary trends in the twentieth century; inter-American relations. (WH)


30003 THE GREEK WORLD. Archaeological and cultural survey from pre-Greek beginnings to the Roman conquest of Greece. Emphasis on discovery of the Minoan and Mycenaean world, the origins of Greek civilization, life in the Greek city-state, the Greek world view, and the conquests of Alexander the Great. (NWH)

30013 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC AND EMPIRE. Archaeological and cultural survey of the Roman world from its origins to the barbarian invasions. Emphasis on the origins of Rome, Roman imperialism and its impact on the Roman way of life, the Roman Revolution, the political absolutism of the empire, the historical Jesus and Christianity in the Roman context, and the decline and fall of the Roman Empire. (NWH)

30023 ANCIENT EGYPT AND THE NEAR EAST. Archaeological and cultural survey of the ancient civilizations of Egypt and the Near East. Visual presentation of archaeological evidence is emphasized along with the origins of civilization, the life and death of civilization, comparison of different values and world views, the origin of monotheism, and the rise and decline of the Assyrian and Persian empire. (NWH)

30033 ANCIENT MYSTERIES: SENSE AND NONSENSE. A survey of ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern history from the Paleolithic Age to the Fall of Rome, including ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Levant, Greece and Rome. The course examines in a scholarly manner various topics from this period to show the history of the interest and expose common misinformation. Typical mysteries considered are the fall of Rome, the historical Jesus, the pyramids, Biblical events, the Neanderthal problem, the search for the Trojan War. (NWH)


30133 THE MIDDLE AGES. A political and cultural survey of medieval civilization in the period A.D. 500-450. Topics of emphasis include the reign of Charlemagne, early Byzantine and Islamic civilization, feudalism and the code of chivalry, the manorial economy, the crusades, the conflict of state and church, the rise of towns and universities, the Hundred Years' War, and the Black Death. (NWH)


30203 THE RENAISSANCE. The political, social and cultural development of Europe from 1300 to 1517. Topics include the Black Death and its impact, politics and culture in the city-states, the social and economic bases of Renaissance society, the Renaissance in Northern Europe. (NWH)

30213 THE REFORMATION. Europe in the 16th century. Topics include the Protestant and Catholic Reformations, 16th century monarchies, early modern society and popular culture, witchcraft, the impact of European expansion overseas. (NWH)

30223 THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. Europe in crisis? Topics include civil wars, social and religious instability, absolutism, the debate over the crisis of the seventeenth century. (NWH)

30233 ENLIGHTENMENT EUROPE. A new world in Europe. Topics include the spread of the Enlightenment, the role of intellectuals, social and political changes, challenges to the old order, the coming and impact of the American and French Revolutions. (NWH)

30243 HISTORY OF SPAIN AND PORTUGAL TO 1830. An examination of Iberian culture, interpreting the present in terms of past developments, emphasizing the values and beliefs reflected in literature, art, and philosophy through the centuries, and analyzing the impact of values and beliefs upon the social stratification system and politico-economic institutions. (NWH)


30303 THE AGE OF GREAT TRANSFORMATION: EUROPE, 1815-1870. The nineteenth century ushered in the industrial age in Europe and the modern consumer society. This course will examine the economic, social, and political change that came with the process of industrialization. Topics include: workers, women, socialism, revolution, nationalism and unification, and imperialism.. (NWH)

30313 THE END OF AN ERA: EUROPE, 1870-1918. World War I marked the end of the long nineteenth century. This course will examine the events leading up to the war and the social, economic, and political impact of the war. Topics include: the Belle Epoque, the suffrage movement, unification, imperialism, and the immediate postwar world. (NWH)

30323 PEACE OR PAUSE?: EUROPE, 1919-1945. World War II was the second global conflict in two generations. This course will examine the events of the interwar years that precipitated World War II and the war's impact on Europe. Topics include: the Treaty of Versailles, the Great Depression, the rise of fascism and its national variations, and Resistance. (NWH)

30333 A WHOLE NEW WORLD: EUROPE SINCE 1945. World War II left Europe in ruins. This course will examine Europe's recovery from the war and its position in the post war world. Topics include: the "economic miracle," the Cold War and its impact, decolonization and the European Union. (NWH)

30343 THE FRENCH REVOLUTION: from Subjects to Citizens. The 1789 French Revolution marked a watershed in modern world history. This course examines events from 1750 to 1815, exploring the origins of the Revolution, the shifts in the 1790s from constitutional monarchy to the Terror's radical republicanism to Napoleon's dictatorship. Topics include: the emergence of new ideas and new media; the roles of writers, working people, and women; the involvement of other countries, including America; the long term political and social consequences; historians; interpretations of the Revolution.. (NWH)

30353 FRANCE 1815 TO THE PRESENT: The Quest for the Republic. France has had a revolution, a civil war, and four republics since 1815. This course will examine the role of revolution, civil war and the women and men involved in France's evolution as a republic. Topics include the 1848 Revolution, the Paris Commune, the World Wars, and Vichy, and political and social change. (NWH)

30363 MODERN GERMANY, 1815 TO THE PRESENT. Traces the political, diplomatic, military, economic, and social events in Germany in the period. Topics include the impact of the French Revolution and Napoleon, the rise of nationalism, the social impact of industrialization, political unification under Bismarck, the two world wars and their effects on Germany, the division of Germany following World War II and its reunification. Includes recent developments in the Federal Republic. (NWH)

30373 EUROPEAN THOUGHT AND CULTURE, 1800 TO THE PRESENT. Traces European thought and culture in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Topics include nationalism, industrialism, romanticism, naturalism, socialism, the search for place, and the rise of fascism. Includes key developments in literature and the arts. (NWH)

30403 HISTORY OF RUSSIA TO 1861. The evolution of the early Russian state and its development under the Grand Princes and Czars to the emancipation of the serfs. Emphasis on the institutions, literature, religion, personalities, and cultural developments as well as major political events. (NWH)

30413 HISTORY OF RUSSIA FROM 1861 TO THE PRESENT. The forces and personalities that molded modern Russia after the emancipation of the serfs, the revolutionary movements and their leaders, and the economic and political factors that brought the downfall of the czarist regime. Special attention to the Marxist-Leninist doctrine and the Soviet attempt to implement it, Stalinism, the emergence of rival communist states, and the post-Stalin era. (NWH)

30423 CENTRAL EUROPE SINCE 1700. The nationalist rivalries that led to Sarajevo, the cultural and economic conflicts that kept the Balkans divided, the problems faced by the region in the period following the First World War. Special attention to the struggle of the Czechs and the Poles to maintain their national existence despite threats from Hitler and Stalin. The effects of World War II on the region. (NWH)

30433 HISTORY OF CHINA AND JAPAN FROM EARLIEST TIMES TO THE 19TH CENTURY. The underlying foundations of Chinese and Japanese culture, emphasizing especially the values, religious, and personalities as well as the political and social institutions in the region. Attention to similarities and differences that characterize the peoples of East Asia. (NWH)

30443 HISTORY OF CHINA FROM 1800 TO THE PRESENT. Nineteenth and twentieth century Chinese history emphasizing intellectual, political, diplomatic and social dimensions that led to the collapse of the Ch'ing dynsty, the birth of the Republic of China and the Chines Communist creation of the People's Republic. (NW).

30453 HISTORY OF JAPAN FROM 1800 TO THE PRESENT. Nineteenth and twentieth century Japanese history emphasizing intellectual, political, diplomatic and social dimensions that led to the nineteenth-century Meiji Restoration, Japanese expansion, tensions leading to World War II, and Japan's enormous post-war economic growth. (NW).


30503 HISTORY OF ENGLAND TO 1603. A survey of British history from pre-Roman times to the death of Elizabeth, emphasizing the constitutional, political, social, cultural, and economic developments. Special stress on the evolution of institutions and ideas which America and England share. (NWH)

30513 HISTORY OF ENGLAND AND GREAT BRITAIN SINCE 1603. A survey of the revolutionary developments in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries which brought the development of parliamentary government, social and political reform movements of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the transformation from Empire to Commonwealth, and the emergence of the welfare state. Britain's role as a world power will be examined and special emphasis will be given to the diplomatic developments that led to the two world wars. (NWH)

30523 TUDOR-STUART ENGLAND, 1485-1714. Tudor-Stuart kings and their parliaments, emphasizing the English Reformation, the Elizabethan Age, the Puritan Revolution and Oliver Cromwell, the Restoration and the Glorious Revolution, and the rise of cabinet-political parties-civil rights struggles. (NWH)

30533 ENGLAND 1815-1901, POLITICS, PRUDERY, AND THE PAX BRITANNICA. An examination of the political, social and imperial themes in English history for the period 1815-1901, with emphasis on the impact of the Industrial Revolution, the new social order, demands for political reform, and the growth of British imperial power. (NWH)

30543 TWENTIETH-CENTURY BRITAIN, EMPIRE TO WELFARE STATE: 1901 TO THE PRESENT. The major political, economic, imperial and intellectual developments of the period. Also discussed will be reforms, the rise of labor, and the impact of the two world wars. (NWH)

30563 THE BRITISH EMPIRE, 1603-1857. Examination of the empire-building experience of Great Britain in the early modern period beginning with its experiences in Ireland, North America, and the Caribbean. Particular emphasis will be given to motivation, cultural collision, and the evolution of systems of control and administration. For the period following the American Revolution, the course will examine the development of new patterns of empire that emerge from the interplay of exploration, the missionary movement, the Napoleonic Wars and technological change. (NWH)

30573 BRITISH EMPIRE AND COMMONWEALTH, 1857-1975. Examination of the British Empire from its high-point in the second half of the Nineteenth Century to its dissolution after 1945. Particular attention will be given to the so-called "New Imperialism" and the scramble for African and Pacific territories, the place of empire in Victorian culture, the informal empire of economic investment, the impact of World War I on the imperial system, and the role of nationalism in the empire's eventual dissolution. The course will also introduce the theoretical arguments concerning the nature and function of the British Empire and its role in shaping the post-colonial world. (NWH)


30923 THE UNITED STATES AND LATIN AMERICA. Early diplomatic relations among the independent republic; the Monroe Doctrine in Hemispheric politics; the movement for Pan American union; the Big Stick and Dollar Diplomacy; the Good Neighbor Policy and the Alliance for Progress. (WH)

30933 REVOLUTION IN LATIN AMERICA. Survey and analysis of revolutionary movements in modern Latin America, with special emphasis on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Mexico, and Central America. (WH)

30943 THE SPANISH BORDERLANDS. The clashing and mingling of cultures in regions formerly held by Spain in the southeastern and southwestern United States. (WH)

30953 HISTORY OF ARGENTINA AND CHILE. Southern South America from colonial times to the present; a comparison of the colonial experiences of both countries and their impact on national development; problems of modernization and the movements of social revolution. (WH)

30963 HISTORY OF BRAZIL. The growth of the Brazilian nations and civilization from colonial plantation beginnings through experiments with monarch and republic, to the rank of major nation. (WH)

30983 AZTECS, INCAS, AND MAYAS: THE INDIANS OF MIDDLE AND SOUTH AMERICA. Investigation and analysis of the Indian Civilizations of Mexico, the Caribbean Region, Central and South America with particular emphasis on the Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas. Also discussed will be the impact of European culture on the native population and the contemporary problem of integrating the Indian into modern society. (WH)

30993 HISTORY OF MEXICO. The native peoples, the Spanish Conquest and cultural conflict, evolution of colonial society, the movement for independence, 19th century efforts at modernization, revolutionary Mexico and U.S.-Mexican relations. (WH)


40603 COLONIAL AMERICA: FROM THE AGE OF DISCOVERY TO 1763. Examination of the political, ideological, religious, social, economic and institutional development of colonial America from the earliest discoveries and settlements to the end of the French and Indian War in 1763. Emphasis is on the English colonies that became the United States with some consideration given to other empires. (WH)

40613 REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA, 1763-1789. Introduces the origins of the revolutionary movement; analyzes the social, economic, political and diplomatic consequences of independence from Great Britain; and examines the emerging political and constitutional order of the postwar years. (WH)

40623 THE AGE OF JEFFERSON, 1789-1828. The period of the "Virginia Dynasty," with emphasis on the shaping of Jeffersonian ideals and the rise of the national spirit after the War of 1812. (WH)

40633 THE AGE OF JACKSON, 1829-1860. The period of "Manifest Destiny," with special attention to the developing antagonisms between North and South before, during and after the War with Mexico. (WH)

40643 CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION, 1861-1876. The Civil War and slow recovery from the effects of conflict. (WH)

40653 THE PROGRESSIVE PERIOD IN AMERICAN HISTORY, 1877-1919. The rise of industrial America, including reform movements, and the transformation of rural society in the half-century between the administrations of U. S. Grant and Woodrow Wilson. (WH)

40663 AMERICA BETWEEN WORLD WARS, 1919-1941. Detailed analysis of political scandals, prohibition, immigration, labor, women's rights, and the Great Depression, with emphasis on the response of the New Deal to these problems. (WH)

40673 THE UNITED STATES FROM 1941 TO 1975. Domestic and foreign policies of the starting with entry into World War II through 1975. Special attention to social, cultural, and ideological development. (WH)


20763 U.S. MILITARY HISTORY. Traces the role of the armed forces in American society through a study of the origins and developments of military institutions, traditions, and practices. Traces principal wars, including their causes, course, and effects, and treats the effects of leadership and new technologies. (WH)

40683 FOUNDATIONS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY: FROM COLONY TO EMPIRE. An interpretive review of diplomatic relations with Europe, Latin America, and the Orient from the Declaration of Independence to the First World War. (WH)

40693 THE UNITED STATES AS A GREAT POWER: ITS FOREIGN POLICY FROM WORLD WAR I TO THE PRESENT. Major international involvements of the United States since the emergence of the nation as a global power at the turn of the century. (WH)

40703 INDIANS OF THE UNITED STATES. A survey of Native American history, organized chronologically beginning with native origin stories and scientific theories and ending with present issues of urbanization, self-determination, and the political economy of bingo. (WH)

40713 INDIANS OF THE GREATER SOUTHWEST. The major Indian tribes of the cultural area comprising the southwestern United States and the northern states of Mexico. (WH)

40723 THE EARLY AMERICAN FRONTIER. Topical study of the westward movement from the Atlantic seaboard to the Appalachians, and the Mississippi Valley, with emphasis on America's emerging institutions in a pioneer environment. (WH)

40733 THE AMERICAN WEST. Topical study of Plains Indians, Spaniards, mountain men, miners, railroad and cattle barons, cowboys, Mormons, soldiers, and pioneer farmers in the Trans-Mississippi domain of the United States. (WH)

40743 HISTORY OF TEXAS. The political, social, and economic study of Texas from the coming of the Spaniards in 1528 to the present. The role of ethnic groups in the development of Texas is emphasized, and a study of the state constitution is made. (WH)

40763 THE OLD SOUTH. How and why antebellum Southerners differed from Northerners (and many other folk). Lectures and discussions focus on the cultural heritage of the South, the social life of Southerners before the American Civil War, the survival of European and African traditions, immigration and settlement patterns, herding, slavery, plantation life, sectionalism, various southern ways and values, and some of the myths about the Old South. (WH)

40783 CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. The historical background and impact of judicial decisions that have changed and directed the economic, social, political, and legal patterns of federal and state governments as well as other human institutions. Includes a detailed analysis of majority and minority opinions in leading Supreme Court cases. (WH)

40793 BUSINESS IN AMERICAN LIFE. Survey, development and structure of the American economy and business enterprise in response to changing markets and technology. (WH)

40803 HISTORY OF MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH. An examination of medicine and public health in the United States with emphasis on social and cultural factors. (WH)

40823 THE NEW SOUTH, 1877-PRESENT. An examination of the political, economic and cultural factors in the South with emphasis on the modern period. (WH)

40833 THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY: WASHINGTON TO WATERGATE. The development of the presidency of the United States from its historic traditions to its modern role. The administrations of twelve of the most significant presidents will be examined. (WH)

40843 THE VIETNAM WAR. Traces the history of pre-European Vietnam, French conquest, Indo-China War, roots of US involvement, Vietnam War and US domestic developments, and events in post-1975 Socialist Republic of Vietnam. (NWH or WH)


20003 HONORS WESTERN CIVILIZATION TO 1500.* Prerequisite: Membership in the Honors Program. In the first semester of the western civilization track, students examine a) the cultural frameworks and development of ideas about human nature; b) the political structures; c) the social and economic patterns as they evolved in the first civilizations of the near east and the creation of civilization in Europe. As the same issues are examined in the Greco-Roman world, in the Middle Ages and in the Renaissance, students analyze the development of a world-view that is peculiar to the West and its Judeo-Christian heritage. Extensive analysis through discussion and writing.

20013 HONORS WESTERN CIVILIZATION FROM 1500.* Prerequisite: Membership in the Honors Program. In the second semester of the western civilization track, students continue to examine the distinctive development of the West. Problems include the Reformations, the rise of capitalism, the causes and consequences of European expansion and its subsequent encounters with Africa, Asia and the Americas, industrialism, the rise of new political philosophies in the wake of democratic revolutions including liberalism and socialism, the challenges posed to those ideas by the ideas and experiences of the twentieth century. Extensive analysis through discussion and writing.

30153 JUNIOR HONORS TUTORIAL. Prerequisite: Junior standing as a history major and membership in the Honors Program. An examination of a major issue in history. This course is only offered as a tutorial and the specific topic is determined by consultation with an instructor. Arrangements for this course must be made with an instructor the semester prior to enrollment. (NWH or WH)

HIST 40103 SENIOR HONORS PROJECT. Prerequisite: Departmental major, enrollment in the Honors Program, and completion of HIST 30153. The execution of a project or paper reflecting creative investigation or research. Supervision by a three-member faculty committee is required. HIST 40103 must be completed prior to the student's final semester of undergraduate work. May be based on subject matter explored in HIST 30153. (NWH or WH)


(Area selected by student)

30970 TOPICAL STUDIES IN HISTORY. Courses dealing with problems and historical questions in a particular area of specialization. The topics will be changed from semester to semester and the course may be repeated when the topic is different. (3 hours) (NWH or WH)

40003 THE WOMEN'S MOVEMENT IN ENGLAND AND AMERICA, 1792-1972. A survey and analysis of women's role in modern history with special emphasis on monarchs, scholars, laborers, and political activists. (NWH)

40013 HISTORY OF WAR. The causes, course and effects of war from ancient times to the present. Major changes in the technology and nature of war will also be discussed. (NWH)

40023 WOMEN IN THE WESTERN WORLD SINCE 1500. A broad survey of women's experiences and roles in Western society in the last 500 years. Topics include the Reformations, witchcraft, urban and rural women, the Revolutionary era, industrialization, and World Wars. (NWH)

40033 WITCHES, WORKERS AND WIVES. Women and family in early modern Europe and America. (W or NW).



30063 INTRODUCTION TO HISTORICAL RESEARCH. An introduction to the techniques of historical methodology with emphasis on the role of documents and other historical artifacts, the preparation and writing of historical papers. Prerequisite: Junior standing as a History major (minimum of 12 hours of history) or consent of department chairman. (NWH or WH)

50070 HISTORY, ADMINISTRATION, AND MANAGEMENT OF ARCHIVES, I AND II. The historical development of archival institutions, procedures and techniques with special emphasis on American federal, state and local records, both public and private. Students will be introduced to professional field work in the archives of the participating institutions. (6 hours) (WH)

50080 ARCHIVAL INTERNSHIP. Prerequisite: History 50070 or concurrent enrollment. Supervised professional training at the Federal Archives and Records Center of Fort Worth, the Regional State Archives of Texas, the Amon Carter Library, and the Manuscript collection of TCU. (6 hours) (WH)

50933 PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY (PHIL 50933). Prerequisite: 6 hours history, 3 hours philosophy. A philosophical analysis of historiography; the logical, conceptual and epistemological characterization of what historians do. Also includes a study of traditional attempts to discover some meaning which transcends the intelligibility sought and achieved by ordinary historical work. (NWH)

50980 HISTORICAL WRITING AND EDITING. The methods and problems of research and historical writing. Also covers the principles and methods of editing historical journals and documents including archival manuscripts. (3 hours) (NWH or WH).