The Bachelor's Degree Student's Responsibility
Definitions and Regulations
Grade Point Average
Course Credit
Academic Load
Student Classification
Interpretation of Course Abbreviations
Grade Reports
Academic Conduct Policy
Academic Standing and Satisfactory Academic Progress
Dismissal, Suspension, or Expulsion for the Lack of Academic Progress, Disruptive Behavior, or Professional Misconduct
Attendance Expectations and Official Absence Policy
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
Transcripts of Academic Records
Affirmative Action
Academic Probation and Suspension
Requirements for Graduation
University Curriculum Requirements (UCR)
Total Credits and Residence Requirements
Declaration of an Academic Major
Multiple Majors
Additional Bachelor's Degrees
Degree Plan
Student's Responsibility

Student's Responsibility

Faculty, academic advisors and deans are available to help students understand and meet academic requirements for a degree, but the students themselves are responsible for understanding and fulfilling them. If requirements are not satisfied, the degree will be withheld pending adequate fulfillment. Thus it is essential that each student become familiar with all requirements and remain currently informed throughout the college career.

Definitions and Regulations

Major. A major is a prescribed set of courses, number of credit hours, or academic experiences in one or more academic disciplines. Completion of a major is designed to assure disciplined and cumulative study, carried on over an extended period of time in an important field of intellectual inquiry.

Minor. A minor is a prescribed set of courses, number of credit hours, or academic experiences in one or more academic disciplines. Completion of the minor is designed to assure more than an introduction to an important intellectual field of study but less than a major in that field. A minor is traditionally outside the major field of study. The department offering the minor typically defines the requirements.

Emphasis and/or Concentration. Unless otherwise defined specifically within the catalog, an emphasis and/or eoncentration are a guided subset of courses or academic experiences defined by the major department and are typically, but not always, within the major area. Emphasis may be further defined as consistent with specific accrediting body requirements (e.g., Journalism).

Program. A program is a shared series of courses or experiences (e.g., Honors Program).

Area of Study. While used generically throughout the catalog, area of study could be replaced by Major, Minor or Emphasis/Concentration in most cases.

Career Track. This term has meaning within student records software and is used with reference to pre-professional program advising as a way to provide appropriate guidance on course selection and experiences, not necessarily tied to a major or minor.

Semester Hour. The unit of measure for academic credit purposes is the semester hour. A semester hour is equivalent to one hour of recitation or a minimum of 2 hours of laboratory per week for a semester or an equivalent time for a shorter term. Two hours of preparation for each classroom hour, on the average, are expected.

Grading. The faculty definition of grades, and the point system designed to indicate quality of work, is as follows:

A - Designates exceptional work, 4 points per semester hour.

B - Designates superior work, 3 points per semester hour.

C - Designates satisfactory work, 2 points per semester hour.

D - Designates poor work, 1 point per semester hour.

F - Designates failure, 0 points per semester hour.

P - Passed the course.

NC - No credit awarded for the course.

Non-grade Designators:

I - Designates course has not been completed and a final grade has not been assigned. (The "I" must be removed within first 60 days of the semester immediately following or it is changed to an "F." Any extension must have written approval of the instructor and dean. This policy does not apply to senior honors research papers, graduate thesis or dissertation hours. The student must secure the permit from the Registrar's Office and take it to the instructor before offering work of any kind toward making up the "I" grade.)

Q - Removed from the course by an academic dean.

W - Officially withdrew from the course.

AU - Officially audited the course.

Pass/No Credit. Undergraduate students may elect a pass/no credit grading option. They may do so by indicating their choice in writing to the office of the Registrar not later than the date listed in the academic calendar for electing the pass/no credit grading option. Courses taken on a pass/no credit basis are graded "P" (pass) and "NC" (no credit). These P/NC courses are not counted in computing the student's grade point average. A "P" course, however, will carry credit hours and be used toward a student's total hours required for graduation. A "P" indicates achievement equivalent to "A," "B" and "C." Achievement equivalent to a "D" and "F" results in the grade of "NC." Students earn no credit hours in courses in which the grade of "NC" is received.

Before using this option, the student should be aware that some majors and degree programs may limit the applicability of courses graded on a P/NC basis. Courses that are offered only with the P/NC grade will be accepted for meeting requirements in a major or degree program and financial aid eligibility. Furthermore, courses offered only with the P/NC grade will not be counted toward a limit on the number P/NC hours that may be applied to a major or degree program. The student should also check on the acceptability of P/NC grades by any honor societies or graduate schools in which the student may be interested. The P/NC option is not allowed in any English as a Foreign Language (ENFL) course. Any questions or exceptions concerning the P/NC option should be directed to the dean of the college of the student's major.

Student-Initiated Withdrawal. The purpose of student-initiated withdrawal from courses is to enhance the learning opportunity in a program of study. On recognition that a student may lack the background needed for the mastery of course content, the subject matter in a course does not match student need or interest as anticipated, or that course requirements will limit effective appropriation of learning in a semester's overall program of study, a student may officially withdraw from a course and receive a "W" in accordance with the policy stated below.

Mere absence from a class does not constitute withdrawal. In order to withdraw from a course, a student must go through official established procedure.

By following established procedures, students may withdraw from any class until five (5) academic days following the published date mid-semester reports of unsatisfactory work are due to the Registrar. The date of withdrawal for all purposes, including tuition adjustment, shall be the date of official withdrawal.

There will be no withdrawals after this date during the fall and spring semesters, or a comparable period during a shorter term.

Any student who experiences unusual hardship may seek special consideration through a written petition to the dean of the college in which he or she is enrolled. Petitions should, where possible, be documented with supporting statements from a doctor, counselor, or family member. That a student is doing unsatisfactory work in a course will not be taken as sufficient reason for special consideration. If, in the opinion of the dean, the request is justified, a grade of Q (dropped by the dean's permission) may be assigned by the dean after consultation with (1) the instructor of the course, (2) the chairman of the department, and (3) the dean of the college in which the course is offered. Any dean assigning a Q will notify the Registrar's Office.

Audit Enrollment (Course visitor). Occasional visitation of classes by students is allowed with the consent of the instructor. Any extended attendance requires enrollment as an audit. Auditors are admitted to classes on a space-available basis only. An audit fee is charged. TCU Scholars (See Recognitions section) are given the opportunity to audit one class (for which auditing is permitted) without fee within 12 months after notification of eligibility. TCU Scholars will be expected to follow the established regulations for auditors. The following regulations are applicable:

1. Certain classes-laboratory and clinical classes, Ranch Management day classes, laboratory sections of lecture classes, activity and performance classes such as in studio art, music and ballet-may not be audited. (Evening Ranch Management classes may be audited at full tuition and fees.)

2. The only period during which students may register for an audit or change a credit class to audit is from the second day of late registration to the last day of late registration as published in the University calendar. It is recommended that prospective students consult the instructors of courses in which they are interested before they register. Students wishing to audit graduate courses must be admitted for graduate study and have written approval of either the instructor of the course for which they wish to register or the dean of the college in which the course is taught.

3. Classroom recitation and participation may be restricted at the discretion of the instructor; no grade is assigned and no credit is awarded.

4. If credit is desired, the student must register for and repeat the regular course after paying regular tuition.

5. The student's name will appear on the instructor's class roll. In order for "AU" to appear on the transcript, however, the instructor must certify at the end of the semester that the student has attended as an auditor. Audits not approved by the instructor as a final grade will be omitted from the student record.

Grade Point Average

Two grade point averages are maintained by Texas Christian University: (1) a semester average based on courses taken at TCU during a particular term, and (2) a cumulative average based on all work attempted at TCU.

A student's grade point average (GPA) is computed by dividing the number of grade points (grade points are earned per semester hour for the successful completion of academic work) by the number of hours (total credit hours attempted at TCU, excluding those attempted on a pass/no credit basis).

Repeating a Course. If a course taken at TCU is repeated at TCU, the official grade is the last letter grade made although all grades appear on the transcript. Only the last letter grade earned in the repeated course will be used in computing the GPA.

If a course is taken at TCU and then repeated at another institution, or if a course is taken at another institution and then repeated at TCU, only the grade earned at TCU is used to compute the student's GPA. Credit for any given course, regardless of where it was taken, may be counted only once.

The student is responsible for notifying the Registrar when a course is repeated.

Transfer Credit. Transfer credit is identified on the academic record as the total number of credit hours accepted from each institution attended and is added to the total number of cumulative earned hours. Transfer credit hours may satisfy degree requirements but are not used in the calculation of the cumulative GPA.

Pass/No Credit. Pass/no credit courses are disregarded in the calculation of the student's GPA.

Credit by Examination and Portfolio Assessment. Credit earned by examination or portfolio assessment is not assigned a letter grade and is not included in the calculation of the cumulative GPA.

Course Credit

Credit for Transfer Work. Students transferring to TCU must present a record of all transfer work for evaluation to the Office of Admissions for approval by the appropriate academic dean prior to their enrollment in the University. Transfer course work not presented prior to enrollment may not be counted toward a degree.

After enrolling at TCU, all students must receive prior written approval of the appropriate academic dean if they wish to take courses at another institution and have those courses count toward a degree at TCU. Transcripts of course work taken elsewhere must reach the Registrar's office within 30 days of completion of the course work. Course work taken without prior written approval may not be applied to a degree.

Credit for Study Abroad. TCU will accept as transfer credit courses taken by students enrolled in approved foreign colleges or universities if prior written approval is obtained from the appropriate academic dean.

Students who enroll at those foreign colleges or universities with which the University has a formal agreement of institutional affiliation may exercise the following option. Students have the option as to whether or not the courses taken during the foreign study will be used to meet residency requirements, in which case the grades in these courses will be computed in the official TCU grade point average. Students must declare their intent in writing prior to the period of foreign study and said declaration is irrevocable. The office of the Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs will maintain a list of those institutions with which TCU has a formal agreement of institutional affiliation. The Study Abroad Coordinator will assist students in making arrangement for foreign study.

Credit by Examination. Students may earn academic credit for university-level learning by taking an examination in the appropriate area. Credit granted usually can be used to satisfy specific and general degree requirements. Credit by examination will not be awarded after the student has completed 66 hours of college credit.

For the currently enrolled student, the following conditions apply:

1. The approval of the academic dean must be obtained before taking CLEP or other recognized examinations for credit.

2. Credit by examination will not be awarded for a prerequisite course if credit has been earned in an upper division course.

3. Credit earned by examination is not assigned a letter grade, and is not counted toward special recognition or honors.

4. Duplicate credit is not allowed by enrolling in and completing a course for which credit was earned by examination.

5. Credit may be earned through selected CLEP General and Subject Examinations, College Board Achievement Test in Foreign Languages, and through locally constructed examinations.

For the entering student, the following conditions apply:

1. TCU grants credit in some subject areas through the following standardized examination programs: College Board Advanced Placement (AP); College Level Examination Program (CLEP); College Board Achievement Tests in Foreign Languages (ACH); International Baccalaureate (IB).

2. Credit may be obtained through the following institutional examinations: Locally constructed examinations in nursing; Conference examinations in music; Audition examination in ballet and/or modern dance; Certain non-U.S. Advance Level National Examinations.

3. Credit by examination awarded at another college or university will be honored by TCU if it is based on the same test(s) and minimum scores required at TCU.

4. Credit in English Composition earned by examination will be honored if it appears on an official college transcript.

5. A student whose native language is not English may satisfy the foreign language requirement for the B.A. degree by demonstrating proficiency in English through a specified score on TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language). Although the language requirement will be satisfied, no semester hour credit will be awarded.

The Credit by Examination procedures are reviewed and updated annually. The current brochure, Credit by Exam, is available in the Office of Admissions, Sadler Hall Room 112.

Credit for Military Service. The University follows, with limitations, the recommendations of the American Council on Education as published in the Guide to the Evaluation of Educational Experiences in the Armed Forces in granting credit for military service schools. At a minimum, the following limitation applies:

Courses must be in the "baccalaureate/associate degree category'' as defined by the ACE guide. This precludes acceptance of vocational, technical or certificate category courses, or military occupational specialties or job experience.

For consideration of credit for military service schools, the applicant may submit the following military records:

1. a certified original of the DD Form 295, or

2. a copy of the DD Form 214, or

3. course completion certificates.

The Office of the Registrar will assist persons eligible for veterans educational assistance benefits.

Credit for Nonresidential Course Work. As a general rule, TCU does not accept nonresidential courses taken prior to enrollment at TCU. However, a student may petition the appropriate academic dean to grant credit. Nonresidential courses taken while a student is in residence at TCU require prior written permission of the appropriate dean if the courses are to be applied toward a TCU degree.

Credit for Independent Study. Some departments at TCU offer an opportunity for independent study, usually pursued late in one's major. It has a broad range of purposes. Perhaps most important is exposure of the undergraduate student to methods and techniques usually reserved for graduate students. Seminars, reading and reviews, and independent research characterize this phase of a student's work, which normally is optional. Independent study courses are also available to exceptional students with exceptional needs. A student, for example, may want a more intensive exposure to a specific subject than a standard course provides. With faculty approval, an independent study course can provide the opportunity to go as far as interest and capability allow.

Academic Load

The student of average ability should be able to take successfully 15-18 semester hours. The student should regularly consult with his/her academic advisor, but the student must know the academic requirements of his/her degree program and plan accordingly for a timely graduation. After consultation with the academic advisor the student will select the appropriate courses and number of credit hours to be taken each semester. Decisions regarding the number of hours to be taken and class scheduling will differ among students based upon many variables, e.g., academic preparedness and commitments to out-of-class activities. The University's web-based registration allows a student to register for up to 18 semester hours. The student seeking to register for more than 18 hours must take written approval from the academic dean to the Office of the Registrar. Students enrolled through the Office of Extended Education must obtain approval of the director to register for more than 7 semester hours.

Student Classification

A student's classification is determined by the amount of credit earned or the degree for which the student is a candidate, as shown below:

Freshman - 0-23 semester hours

Sophomore - 24-53 semester hours

Junior - 54-83 semester hours

Senior - 84 and above semester hours

Graduate - Student enrolled for graduate study or in Brite Divinity School

Post Graduate - Student who possesses a baccalaureate degree but is not pursuing an advanced degree program

Special-Unclassified

Interpretation of Course Abbreviations

Each course is assigned a five-digit number. The first digit indicates the level (year) at which the course is offered; the second, third and fourth digits distinguish one course from another within the same department; the fifth digit reflects the amount of semester hour credit assigned to the course. In indicating the level or year of the course, 0 is used for subfreshman; 1 for freshman; 2 for sophomore; 3 for junior; 4 for senior; 5 for senior-graduate; and 6, 7, 8 and 9 for graduate.

The fifth digit shows semester hour credit with one exception-zero is assigned those courses which include one or more of the following features: noncredit; credit value includes a fraction; the course has a variable credit value which is determined at the time of enrollment on an individual basis.

Thus the course, "English 10803" (or ENGL "10803") is a freshman level course (first digit) which carries 3 semester hours of credit (fifth digit). The three middle digits (second, third and fourth) identify it as a specific course in the English Department.

When the term "advanced courses" is used, it refers to those of junior rank (30000 level) or higher.

In designating courses, departments use the four-letter subject code (such as "ENGL" for English) that has been devised for web-based registration.

The codes are to be interpreted as follows:

ACCT - Accounting

AEST - Aerospace Studies

ANTH - Anthropology

ART - Art

BALT - Ballet

BIOL - Biology

BRST - British & Colonial/Post-Colonial Studies

BUAD - Business Administration

CHEM - Chemistry

CHIN - Chinese

CISC - Computer Information Science

COSC - Computer Science

COSD - Communication Sciences & Disorders

CRJU - Criminal Justice

DEMT - Design, Merchandising, & Textiles

DESC - Decision Science

EBUS - Electronic Business

ECON - Economics

EDEC - Education - Early Childhood

EDEL - Education - Elementary

EDMS - Education - Middle School

EDRE - Education - Reading

EDSE - Education - Secondary

EDSP - Education - Special

EDUC - Education - General

ENFL - English as a Foreign Language

ENGL - English

ENGR - Engineering

FINA - Finance

FNRT - Fine Arts Interdisciplinary

FREN - French

GEOG - Geography

GEOL - Geology

GERM - German

GREE - Greek

HCOL - Honors Colloquia

HHIT - Honors Intellectual Traditions

HIST - History

HLTH - Health

HNRS - Honors: Origins & Images

HSPR - Honors Special Problems

ITAL - Italian

JAPN - Japanese

JOUR - Journalism

KINE - Kinesiology

LAST - Latin American Studies

LATI - Latin

MANA - Management

MARK - Marketing

MATH - Mathematics

MISC - Military Science

MODA - Modern Dance

MUSI - Music

MUSP - Music Performance

NTDT - Nutritional Sciences

NURS - Nursing

PEAC - Phys Educ Activity Courses

PHIL - Philosophy

PHYS - Physics & Astronomy

POSC - Political Science

PSYC - Psychology

RAMA - Ranch Management

RELI - Religion

RTVT - Radio-TV-Film

RUSS - Russian

SOCI - Sociology

SOWO - Social Work

SPAN - Spanish

SPCO - Speech Communication

THEA - Theatre

UNPR - University Programs

WOST - Women's Studies

Grade Reports

Grades are reported to students at the end of each semester and summer term. Reports will also be made at mid-semester on undergraduate students who are doing unsatisfactory work in one or more subjects. Unsatisfactory shall be defined as "D" or "F" work. Mid-semester reports of unsatisfactory work are not made a part of the official university transcript.

Academic Conduct Policy

Information pertaining to the Academic Conduct Policy may be found in the Student Services section of this Bulletin. Students may obtain a complete copy of the policy statement in the offices of all academic deans, the Dean of Campus Life, the Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs, and the Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs.

Academic Standing and Satisfactory Academic Progress

A student is considered to be in "Acceptable Academic Standing" if the student is eligible to continue his/her enrollment at TCU. Verification of this status is made by the Registrar.

A student is considered to be making "Satisfactory Academic Progress" when the student is in Acceptable Academic Standing and course work is being completed (1) that leads to the degree being sought, (2) in a timely manner, and (3) which is consistent with reasonable expectations for individual circumstances. Satisfactory Academic Progress is determined by the academic dean of the major.

Dismissal, Suspension, or Expulsion for the Lack of Academic Progress, Disruptive Behavior, or Professional Misconduct

A faculty member has both the authority and the responsibility to dismiss a student from any educational setting for which he/she is responsible if, in the faculty member's judgment, the student's behavior or lack of preparation is detrimental to the educational experience of others or could create unsafe conditions. Any such dismissal is reported, in writing, to his/her academic dean as soon as possible after the event.

Students may be withdrawn with a grade of "F" from individual courses for lack of academic progress, disruptive or unsafe behavior, or lack of preparation upon the recommendation of the faculty member and the approval of the appropriate academic dean.

Students may be suspended or expelled from the University at the discretion of the appropriate academic dean at such times as the student's performance of behavior clearly demonstrates that the student is not interested in, or making acceptable academic progress. Likewise, an academic dean has both the authority and the responsibility to take action, including dismissal, suspension, or expulsion from a program of study or the University itself, if a student's conduct is determined to be contrary to the professional and ethical standards of a field. If a student is suspended or expelled from the University, a grade of "F" or a designation of "Q" will be recorded for each course in progress as determined appropriate by the dean, and the transcript will note suspension or expulsion.

Students may appeal by contacting the chair of the Academic Appeals Committee.

Attendance Expectations and Official Absence Policy

Regular and punctual class attendance is essential, and no assigned work is summarily excused because of absence, no matter what the cause. Records of class attendance are the responsibility of the faculty, and every course syllabus should clearly state the instructor's policy on class attendance and how attendance affects a student's final evaulation in the course. Students who miss an instructional experience are expected to meet with faculty to discuss their absence as soon as possible.

When a student is absent to represent the University (as in athletics, chorus, band, national or state meetings or organizations represented at TCU), then an Office University Absence may be granted by the Campus Life Office. Faculty/staff who wish to have an activity sanctioned for Official University Absence status must submit the names of all students, including date and hours absent from campus, to the Campus Life Office no later than one week prior to the date of the activity.

Students are encouraged to use the resources of the Campus Life Office if an emergency situation occurs, or if assistance is needed to resolve indivual concerns.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

This Federal law states (a) that a written institutional policy must be established and (b) that a statement of adopted procedures covering the privacy rights of students be made available. The law provides that the institution maintain the confidentiality of student education records.

The University accords all the rights under the law to its students. Students wishing access to a complete copy of the regulation and the University policy governing their educational records may do so at these locations: Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs, Sadler Hall Room 302; Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs, Sadler Hall Room 310; Dean of Campus Life, Sadler Hall Room 101; Registrar, Sadler Hall Room 17; or Scholarships and Financial Aid, Sadler Hall Room 108.

There are six rights, which are summarized here:

1. The Right to be Informed. The University will give the students an annual notice of their rights and where copies of the policy may be reviewed.

2. The Right to Inspect. Students may inspect information contained in their educational record provided they make a written request to the custodian of the records. The request must be granted no later than 45 days from the receipt of the request.

3. Right to Limited Control of Release. No one outside the institution shall have access to, nor will the University disclose identifiable information from the educational records without written consent of the students, except directory information or other exceptions permitted by the Act, which the student has not refused to permit the University to disclose.

4. Right to Request a Change. Students may request that the record be amended if they feel the information is inaccurate, misleading, or in violation of the rights of privacy. The University will decide whether to change the record. The student may place a rebuttal in the record.

5. Right to a Hearing. If the University chooses not to amend the record, the student may request a hearing. The request must be in writing to the Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs or the Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs. The student will be notified of the time, date, and place of the hearing.

6. Right to Report Alleged Violations. Students who feel their rights have been abridged may file complaints with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act Office, Department of Education, Washington, D.C. 20201.

At its discretion TCU may provide directory information in accordance with the provisions of the Act to include: student name, address, telephone number, church affiliation or preference, name of parents of dependent students, date and place of birth, major field of study, dates of attendance, degrees and awards received, the most recent previous educational agency or institution attended by the student, participation in officially recognized activities and sports, and weight and height of members of athletic teams. It is also permissible for the University to release information from a student's educational record to a parent, provided the student is a "dependent" as defined in Section 152 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954. Students may withhold directory information by notifying the Registrar in writing. Requests for nondisclosure will be honored for only one academic year; therefore, authorization to withhold directory information must be filed annually in the Office of the Registrar.

Transcripts of Academic Records

Students and former students may request official transcripts of their TCU academic record from the Office of the Registrar. While official copies of high school records and transfer credits from schools other than TCU must be requested from the institutions where the work was taken, unofficial copies may be requested from TCU. All transcript requests must be made by the student and must be in writing. Adequate notice, normally one week, is required for transcript processing. Transcripts cost $5.00 each. Transcripts will not be released unless the student has satisfied all financial obligations to the University.

Affirmative Action

If there are matters having to do with discrimination, or matters concerning access for the handicapped, please notify the Affirmative Action Officer, Dr. Cornell Thomas, Sadler Hall, Room 325, Extension 7796.

Academic Probation and Suspension

All undergraduate students are required to meet certain academic standards. Academic probation/suspension policies are designed to provide careful supervision of the program of study and progress of the student. Failure to meet standards will place students on academic probation or academic suspension. The minimum satisfactory record at TCU for normal progress and graduation is an overall "C" average on all work taken at TCU.

Each semester's grades are reviewed to determine attainment of academic standards. Students are required to maintain academic progress according to the standards set forth below. Failure to meet these expectations will result in the following action:

Academic Warning. Students will be placed on Academic Warning if they have attempted (i.e., received a grade) at least 9 semester hours but fewer than 18 total semester hours at any accredited institution and their cumulative TCU grade point average falls below 2.00. Academic Warning will not become a part of the official transcript. Students will be placed on Academic Warning only once during their matriculation at TCU.

Academic Probation. Students who fail to achieve:

A. a 2.00 cumulative TCU grade point average in any semester of attendance following Academic Warning will be placed on Academic Probation, or,

B. a 2.00 cumulative TCU grade point average in any semester of attendance will be placed on Academic Probation if they have attempted 18 or more cumulative semester hours at any accredited institution.

Academic Probation will become part of their official transcript.

Academic Suspension. Students who have been placed on Academic Probation at any time during their matriculation at TCU will be subject to Academic Suspension if they fail to maintain a 2.00 cumulative grade point average at TCU in any subsequent semester of attendance.

Students who are subject to Academic Suspension will have their academic progress reviewed by their academic dean and will be notified in writing as to the Academic Suspension decision and any special conditions for re-enrollment. A student's suspension may be for a single semester or for a full calendar year and may or may not include summer terms, at the discretion of the dean of the student's major. A second suspension will be for a minimum of a full calendar year.

Following suspension the student must apply for re-enrollment to the University. Re-enrollment requires the approval of the academic dean of the student's intended major. Credit earned from another college or university during a period of academic-related suspension may not be transferred to TCU.

Academic Suspension will become part of their official transcript.

Students Returning to the University Following Suspension. A student re-enrolled in the University following a period of suspension is automatically on probation.

Requirements for Graduation

The University requirements for graduation (e.g., University Curriculum, total credits and residence requirements) specified in the Undergraduate Studies Bulletin in effect at the time the student first enrolls at TCU as a degree-seeking student will be those required for graduation for a period of time not to exceed 6 (six) years. A year is defined as the 12-month period following the date of initial enrollment.

The major, college and specific degree requirements for graduation in effect when the student formally declares a specific major (or his/her intent to pursue a specific major) will be those required for graduation for a period of time not to exceed 6 (six) years from the time of declaration of major.

After 6 (six) years, requirements for graduation will be those specified in the Bulletin in effect at that time. A student may graduate under the requirements of a subsequent Bulletin, but he/she must satisfy all the requirements of the Bulletin chosen. When a student pursues a degree on a part-time basis, his/her enrollment pattern at TCU is a factor the academic dean may consider to determine whether an exception will be made to the 6-year rule.

The University faculty expects a bachelor's degree from TCU to indicate both a breadth of knowledge and comparative mastery of some field. Thus the curricula for all bachelor's degrees are built around:

1. Study in specified subject areas as stated in the University Curriculum, and

2. Concentration upon a combination of related courses as outlined by the department, school or college in which study is emphasized, and

3. In some cases, "free electives" or other courses through which educational goals can be reached.

Since an important goal of the University is to help its students learn the ways and habits of articulate thought, the rationale for the University Curriculum is the belief that there exists an identifiable body of studies central to achieving that goal. All bachelor's degree plans include these requirements. Each school and college may require some variation, and students should refer to the specific degree requirements found in the school and college sections of this bulletin.

University Curriculum Requirements (UCR)

Texas Christian University seeks to provide undergraduate instruction that will help its students (1) understand the social and physical world, (2) appreciate our history and cultures, (3) develop the capacity for rational choices, creative thinking and expression, and responsible citizenship, (4) cultivate the skills needed for the lifelong pursuit of learning. To serve these objectives the University Curriculum Requirements include Foundations-requirements in written expression and in mathematics; and Explorations -requirements in specified areas of human knowledge and experience.

I. FOUNDATIONS: 9 credit hours

The Foundations requirements, which include courses to refine and enhance skills in critical reading, written composition, and mathematics, allow students beginning the undergraduate curriculum to increase their proficiency in these essential skills.

A. Writing Requirement - 6 credit hours, and the Writing Emphasis Experience

1. Writing Workshop - 6 credit hours

This requirement is to be met by courses designated "Writing Workshop," with no more than three of these hours in freshman-level study. Writing Workshop courses assume the student's successful completion of four units of high school English.

This requirement is to be met by at least one course in various modes of composition, including analytical writing and research techniques and writing. Both writing courses are to include a reading component providing composition models of suitable kinds. Student writing in these courses is expected to increase competence in grammar, mechanics, and other conventions customary in written discourse.

AP or CLEP credit may satisfy up to 6 hours of the writing requirement.

2. Writing Emphasis Experience

To allow juniors and seniors to increase their writing skills, the University Curriculum includes a writing emphasis component. This requirement, which ordinarily should not increase the credit hours required by the University Curriculum, is to be satisfied by two upper-division courses (three credit hours for each) with a "writing emphasis" designation. Because any academic unit of the University may offer courses with a writing emphasis, courses satisfying other baccalaureate degree requirements may also meet the writing emphasis requirement of the University Curriculum. Writing should occur throughout the course and total a minimum of 2500 words.

B. Mathematics - 3 credit hours

This requirement is to be satisfied by Department of Mathematics courses at or above the freshman level. Appropriate courses assume the student's successful completion of three units of high school mathematics: two in algebra and one in geometry.

AP or CLEP credit may satisfy this requirement.

II. EXPLORATIONS: 36 credit hours

The Explorations requirements assure that all baccalaureate candidates encounter certain broad areas of knowledge. Through this experience, the student will gain knowledge and perspectives by studying various domains of human knowledge and experience.

The Explorations requirements allow no more than 6 credit hours from courses in a single department or in that department's cross-listed courses. This limitation applies regardless of the UCR groups in which the department's course offerings appear. Approved integrative courses are excluded from this restriction.

Satisfactory fulfillment of an Explorations section requires completion of a prescribed minimum number of credit hours and not more than a stated maximum number of credit hours. Minimum requirements of the four sections total thirty credit hours. The additional 6 credit hours may be selected from any of the four sections but the credit hour maximum of a section may not be exceeded.

A. Physical and Life Sciences - minimum of 6 credit hours, maximum of 9 credit hours

(NOTE: Courses in mathematics and computer science do not satisfy this requirement.)

6 credit hours must be in laboratory courses such as those offered in biology, chemistry, geology, physics, psychology.

The purpose of the requirement is to include study in scientific disciplines in which observation, deduction, and analytical reasoning are essential methods. The requirement also ensures that students gain an understanding of scientific discoveries achieved by such methods.

Courses meeting this requirement involve observing experimental parameters, recording and interpreting such observations, and drawing conclusions based on appropriate theoretical frameworks. The experimental dimension is to include appropriate mathematical concepts and applications. Students are also required to demonstrate their ability to present such material in a narrative form.

B. Social Sciences - minimum of 6 credit hours, maximum of 9 credit hours

The 6 hour minimum is to be satisfied by courses using the methods of one or more of the social sciences. The courses customarily will include study of institutions as they affect individuals and groups. The approach to such study is through disciplines such as economics, political science, and sociology.

C. Cultural Heritage - minimum of 12 credit hours, maximum of 15 credit hours

The minimum must be distributed as specified below. The additional 3 hours can be in any subsection of Section C. Students are encouraged to take courses which explore cultures other than their own.

1. Religion-Studies - minimum of 3 credit hours. Courses satisfying this requirement examine the role of religion in human culture, with this examination directed to a single religion or to a comparative consideration of major religions. These courses include appropriate historical study as well as texts important to the religions.

2. Historical Studies - minimum of 3 credit hours. The minimum is to be met by a 3-credit-hour course in U.S. historical studies. Courses meeting this requirement make evident the methods of history. Such courses may be general in their subject matter or specific or topical in focus, but are to encourage the development of a critical and evaluative attitude toward historical texts and sources.

3. Critical Inquiry - minimum of 3 credit hours. Courses satisfying this requirement are primarily critical/evaluative in approach. This approach can be applied to modes of inquiry, to methods in various disciplines, or to public issues and contemporary views. These courses make evident the individual's responsibility for making informed decisions.

4. Fine Arts - minimum of 3 credit hours. The requirement is to be met by critical and/or historical courses studying one or more of the fine arts (e.g., theater, music, visual arts). Performance courses do not satisfy this requirement.

D. Language and Oral Communication/Literature - minimum of 6 credit hours, maximum of 9 credit hours

If foreign language study is used to meet this requirement, the 6-credit-hour minimum must be in the same language. Students may demonstrate competency in a language other than English by meeting the TCU non-language undergraduate requirement (and earn credit for this requirement) in a variety of ways. First, the student may meet the requirement by successful completion of course work at TCU, or by approved transfer credit from another institution, as specified in each academic major and receive the number of credit hours earned in those courses. Additionally, a student may provide evidence of competency in the non-English language by: (1) scores on standardized tests approved by the University, for which the student will receive 3-12 hours of credit depending on the examination score; or (2) successful completion of one academic year in a secondary or post-secondary institution in which the language of instruction is other than English, for which the student will receive 12 hours of credit.

Students electing the oral communication/literature option are to meet the minimum in both of these disciplines.

1. Foreign Language - minimum of 6 credit hours. Foreign Language courses at or above the freshman level satisfy this requirement.

2. Oral Communication and Literature - minimum of 6 credit hours.

a. Oral Communication - minimum of 3 credit hours. This requirement is satisfied by courses directed to developing skills in oral communication; to training in clear, logical, and persuasive communication appropriate in various contexts; and to evaluating such communication.

b. Literature - minimum of 3 credit hours. Courses satisfying this requirement enable students to learn to analyze and criticize literary texts. These courses are to include appropriate historical, biographical, and ideological materials, and to be developed around a single writer or group of writers, a period, a literary form or genre, and/or critical theories by which the same works are examined by various means.

III. HEALTH CONCEPTS/PHYSICAL EDUCATION: 2 credit hours

One credit hour of this requirement must be in a course presenting health concepts and strategies important for continuing participation in a sport or exercise. Such one-hour courses may also include instruction in mind-body interaction, stress management, nutrition, and physical exercise as important to health maintenance.

The second credit hour of this requirement may be satisfied by an additional health concepts course. If the second credit hour is satisfied by an activity course, the following substitutions are allowed:

1. Veterans of the Armed Forces may substitute 1 semester hour of academic credit for a Physical Education activity course.

2. ROTC courses in which the student participates in leadership laboratory may be substituted for a Physical Education activity course.

3. Students who participate in the Marching Band or in a Dance technique course may substitute these for Physical Education activity.

4. Students with physical disabilities may substitute 1 hour of academic credit for a Physical Education activity course. To qualify, students must obtain approval of the University physician.

Successfully completed Physical Education courses presented from institutions which grant no credit, or less than one credit hour for a semester course, may be used to fulfill TCU requirements. However, students who receive course credit will receive no more semester hour credit than was allowed by the issuing institution.

NOTES:

1. 6 hours of UCR credits in a given department may be applied to other baccalaureate requirements in that department such as those for major, minor, teaching specialty, etc.

2. Students transferring to TCU must complete a minimum of 6 hours in Writing Emphasis courses and also satisfy the Critical Inquiry requirement at TCU.

3. No more than 8 semester hours of Physical Education activity courses may be applied toward graduation requirements.

Total Credits and Residence Requirements

Beyond the curricular requirements, each candidate for a bachelor's degree is required to:

1. Successfully complete at least 124 semester hours of credit.

2. Earn, under the point system of the University, a cumulative GPA of at least 2.0 in all work attempted at TCU (including courses attempted during foreign study which are designated by the student to fulfill residency requirements), earn a cumulative GPA of at least 2.0 in all courses attempted in the department of the major at TCU (including courses attempted during foreign study which are designated by the student to fulfill residency requirements), and earn a cumulative GPA of at least 2.0 in all courses applied to the minor (including courses attempted during foreign study which are designated by the student to fulfill residency requirements). Some major and minor programs may require a GPA greater than 2.0.

3. Do residence work in this university earning at least 58 semester hours applicable to the degree program in addition to any number accepted from other schools. To be eligible for graduation with honors and to receive certain awards and recognitions, additional hours may be required (see Honors and Recognitions section). The last 30 semester hours for the degree must be taken at TCU except as provided for in certain degree programs.

4. Successfully complete at TCU at least 42 of the total hours required for graduation in advanced courses numbered 3000 or above.

5. Successfully complete at TCU at least 12 semester hours of advanced work in the field of the major and at least 6 semester hours of advanced work in the field of the minor.

Declaration of an Academic Major

The premajor option is intended to provide students with more time to explore academic majors. Students may not remain nor declare as premajors after they have earned 54 semester hours of credit. The premajor student must formally declare a major by filing the "Change of Major" form with the Office of the Registrar.

Multiple Majors

Although students are encouraged to seek a broad educational experience at TCU, the approval to earn multiple majors is not automatic. In some cases, receiving multiple majors may require actually earning multiple degrees. Because the requirements of multiple majors and multiple degrees are complex, students wishing to pursue more than one major should investigate major and degree requirements early in their career at TCU (i.e., refer to the appropriate school/college section of this Bulletin which delineates the requirements for multiple majors and degrees). To pursue multiple majors or degrees, written permission from the academic dean responsible for each major or degree is required and must be filed with the Registrar's office.

Additional Bachelor's Degrees

A TCU student who wishes to pursue multiple bachelor's degrees concurrently must (a) declare his/her intent and file all degree plans prior to completing the last 15 hours of either degree; (b) fulfill all specific major, college/school and University degree requirements in force at the time of his/her initial enrollment (subject to the 6-year limitation); and (c) successfully complete 30 hours on each bachelor's degree that did not apply toward any of the other bachelor's degrees. A second bachelor's degree will not be awarded until the student has completed at least 30 hours in addition to those counted toward the bachelor's degree that requires the higher number of credit hours.

To return to TCU to earn an additional bachelor's degree, an applicant holding a bachelor's degree from TCU must apply to pursue a specific degree and, if admitted, must successfully complete a minimum of 30 semester hours at TCU which did not apply to the first degree and fulfill all specific major, college/school and University degree requirements in force at the time of enrollment at TCU for the additional degree. A second bachelor's degree will not be awarded until the student has completed at least 30 hours in addition to those counted toward the bachelor's degree that requires the higher number of credit hours.

An applicant holding a bachelor's degree from another accredited institution must be accepted to pursue a specific degree, successfully complete a minimum of 58 semester hours in residence at TCU, and fulfill all specific major, college/school and University degree requirements in force at the time of enrollment at TCU for the additional degree.

Courses applied toward a previously earned bachelor's degree will be evaluated on an individual basis to determine their applicability to University degree requirements.

Degree Plan

The undergraduate should make a formal request for a degree plan from the Office of the Dean of the college or school in which the degree objective is offered. The request should be made when the student has completed 60 semester hours unless the school or college specifies an earlier time in its section of the bulletin. After a degree is awarded, no subsequent work may be applied to that degree.

Student's Responsibility

Faculty, academic advisors and deans are available to help students understand and meet academic requirements for a degree, but the students themselves are responsible for understanding and fulfilling them. If requirements are not satisfied, the degree will be withheld pending adequate fulfillment. Thus it is essential that each student become familiar with all requirements and remain currently informed throughout the college career.

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