Geology Requirements for the B.S. degree with a major in Geology
Requirements for the B.A. degree with a major in Geology
Requirements for a minor in Geology
Honors Program
Student Organizations
Pass/No Credit Option
Courses of Instruction

(GEOL)

Available as a major or minor on the B.A. and B.S. degrees.

Requirements for the B.S. degree with a major in Geology

Thirty-three semester hours in Geology including 10113, 30133, 30143, 30213, 30223, 30243, 30423 and 40516. Associated Requirements: ENSC 10143, MATH 10524, and either 20524, or 10123; PHYS 10154, 10164 (or PHYS 20474, 20484); CHEM 10113, 10125, or CHEM 10113-10123-10122 or Chemistry 10114, 10124; COSC 10403 or MATH 10043 or INSC 20153. Approved Electives: Twelve semester hours of science electives, selected with regard to the interest of the student.

Students planning to pursue technical jobs or qualify for graduate work in geology are strongly advised to satisfy the requirements for the B.S. degree. Some Geology courses required for the B.S. degree require off-road field trips (particularly 40516, which requires a high degree of physical fitness and mobility). A total of 132 semester hours is required for graduation with the B.S. degree.

Requirements for the B.A. degree with a major in Geology

Twenty-four semester hours in Geology consisting of 10113, 30133, 30143, 30213, 30223, 30243, 30423 and ENSC 10143. Associated requirements: CHEM 10113. Some Geology courses required for the B.A. degree require off-road field trips. Minor: Any minor approved for the B.A. degree is acceptable.

The B.A. degree with a major in Geology is devised primarily for the student seeking a curriculum combining geology with another field of study. A total of 124 semester hours is required for graduation with the B.A. degree.

Requirements for a minor in Geology

A total of 18 semester hours in geology of which 9 semester hours must be at the 30000 level or above.

Honors Program

Geology majors who plan to pursue Departmental Honors must be members of the Honors Program and should enroll in GEOL 30003 during their junior year and GEOL 40013 during the fall semester of their senior year.

Student Organizations

Sigma Xi. The department is a sponsor of Sigma XI, the Honor Society for Research in the Natural Sciences.

Sigma Gamma Epsilon. The department is a sponsor of Sigma Gamma Epsilon, the Honor Society for Research in the Earth Sciences.

Pass/No Credit Option

Courses to be applied toward the major may not be taken on the Pass/No Credit basis.



Courses of Instruction

GEOL 10113 Understanding the Earth. Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per week. A study of the physical environment of the planet Earth, its makeup, the processes that mould its surface features and an introduction to the resources that it provides.

GEOL 10123 Dinosaurs and Their World. Three hours of lecture per week. A broad-based inquiry into dinosaurs and the biological and geological aspects of their world that uses information from many areas of science.

GEOL 10433 The Abyss of Time: Freshman Seminar in Geology. Freshman Seminar in Geology.

GEOL 20213 Our Geological Legacy. Prerequisite: GEOL 10113. Three hours of lecture per week. For the non-science major. Places society's relationship to geological phenomena within a scientific framework. Evaluates the apparent immutability of the earth. Field trip required.

GEOL 30003 Honors Seminar. Reading assignments and discussions on topics of great importance in geology.

GEOL 30103 Science, Scientists and Society. Three hours of lecture per week. A cross-disciplinary course in the natural sciences. The workings of science and scientists studied by examining recurring themes and selected episodes in the history of science. The scientific enterprise considered within the changing intellectual, cultural and social milieu in which it was practiced from Epicurus and Aristotle though Einstein and Heisenberg.

GEOL 30113 Weather and Climate. Three hours of lecture per week. Introduction to the basic concepts and principles of atmospheric science in a descriptive format; emphasizes the physics responsible for changes in weather and climate complemented with popular treatment.

GEOL 30133 Historical Geology I. Prerequisite: GEOL 10113 or equivalent. This first semester of a two semester lab/lecture introduces students to the general principles of earth history. Lab exercises and field trips introduce students to the practical aspects of earth history. Microscope work and field trips are mandatory.

GEOL 30143 Historical Geology II. Prerequisite GEOL 30133 or equivalent. This second semester of a two semester lab/lecture course continues with an in depth look at the details of the geological history of North America and the history of life on earth. Lectures focus on historical detail, while lab exercises and field trips focus on major groups of fossils in the lab and field. Microscope work and field trips are mandatory.

GEOL 30153 Geology of National Parks. Prerequisites: GEOL 10113, or permission of instructor. Study of dynamic geologic systems and the geology of the North American continent through the study of National Parks and Monuments in the United States. The three hours of lecture per week are designed for science majors and interested non-science majors, who wish to gain in-depth knowledge of processes that actively sculpt and have sculpted our continent through time. Particular emphasis is given to interpretation of visual features of the parks through visual aids. Discussions are encouraged and facilitated by the small class size.

GEOL 30203 Catastrophes, Controversies, Genesis and Geology. Three hours of lecture per week. The workings of science and scientists considered by examining the emergence of geology as a science in the late 18th and early l9th centuries and its development through the Victorian Age, including the rise and demise of scriptural geology and the impact of geologic thought on social mores and religious beliefs.

GEOL 30213 Mineralogy. Prerequisite GEOL 10113 or permission of the instructor. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. A composite course consisting of an introduction to crystallography and a study of the common minerals.

GEOL 30223 Petrology. Prerequisite: GEOL 30213. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. A basic course in the origin and identification of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Field trip required.

GEOL 30233 Rock Cycle. Prerequisite GEOL 10113 or permission of the instructor. Field seminar on the megascopic aspects of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Description and interpretation of features seen at scales between that of the individual outcrop and that of an entire basin.

GEOL 30243 Sedimentology. Prerequisite: GEOL 30223 or permission of the instructor. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. Principles and techniques of facies analysis, including the description and origin of sedimentary textures and sedimentary structures, and the collection and analysis of paleocurrent data. Field trips required.

GEOL 30323 Introduction to Marine Science. Three hours of lecture per week. A study of the oceans including physiography, chemical, physical, biological, and geological processes and related products. (Offered as BIOL or GEOL credit.)

GEOL 30423 Structural Geology. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. An introductory study of the deformation of the Earth's crust. Field trips required.

GEOL 30573 Stratigraphy. Prerequisite Geol 10123 and/or permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture. An introduction to the practical and theoretical aspects of stratigraphy and depositional systems. This course uses practical examples and field- and literature-based projects to familiarize students with the basic theoretical stratigraphic framework in which geology exists. An off-road field trip will be required.

GEOL 40013 Honors Research. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. The student is required to do independent research on a geologic problem, submit a paper and give an oral presentation of the findings. A faculty supervisor will be appointed for each research problem.

GEOL 40313 Invertebrate Paleontology. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. Major groups of invertebrate fossils, their morphology, classification, paleoecology, geologic distribution and phylogeny. Field trips required.

GEOL 40393 Soils in the Environment. Prerequisite: one year of chemistry, GEOL 10143, or permission of the instructor. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. This course covers the formation, distribution, and classification of soils: major soil properties; field evaluation of soils; the use of soil survey information; and soil hydrology. The emphasis is on the study of soils as products of biophysical processes, and on soil properties of interest to geoscientists and natural resource managers.

GEOL 40413 Map Interpretation. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. The construction and interpretation of geological maps.

GEOL 40493 Geomorphology. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Two hours of lecture and one two hour laboratory per week. Endogenic and exogenic processes and land forms; geologic control; short-term, long term and human-imposed landscape development; morphometric analysis and study of recent movements; environmental geomorphology.

GEOL 40516 Summer Field Course in Geology. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Field investigations and mapping. Those planning to enroll should contact the Department of Geology by March 1 of the year in which enrollment is contemplated. Field work in rough and robust terrain required; a high degree of physical fitness recommended.

GEOL 40893 Senior Thesis. Prerequisites: junior or senior status, a grade point of at least 3.00, and/or permission of instructor. Three hours of independent study with a focus on original research. The student is required to produce a bound thesis in a form suitable for publication in a scientific journal. Students are strongly recommended to enroll for this course in the penultimate semester of their degree plan with the expectation that the work may take more than a semester to complete.

GEOL 40970 Special Problems. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Field and laboratory problems for advanced undergraduate students. Fifty clock hours of laboratory and field work for each semester hour credit. 1-6 semester hours.

GEOL 50233 Optical Mineralogy and Petrography. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. Analysis of the behavior of light in crystalline substances, complete treatment of crystal optics and the identification of non-opaque, rock-forming minerals using immersion media and thin section techniques. Intensive use of the microscope required.

GEOL 50251 Scanning Electron Microscopy. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Use of the S.E.M. in geological applications.

GEOL 50331 Basic Seismics. Prerequisites: GEOL 30243. Three hours of lecture per week for five weeks. An introduction to techniques of gathering, processing and interpreting seismic data.

GEOL 50341 Interpreting Seismic Data. Prerequisite: GEOL 30243. Three hours of laboratory per week for five weeks. A practicum in interpreting seismic data. Prerequisites: GEOL 50331 or equivalent.

GEOL 50351 Seismic Stratigraphy. Prerequisites: GEOL 50331 or equivalent. Three hours of lecture per week for five weeks. An introduction to the principles of seismic stratigraphy and their application in oil and gas exploration.

GEOL 50361 Basic Well Log Interpretation. Prerequisite: GEOL 30243. Three hours of lecture per week for five weeks. An introduction to the use of borehole geophysical logs in formation evaluation, correlation and subsurface facies analysis.

GEOL 50413 Global Tectonics and Basin Analysis. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture per week. Explores the relationship between plate motion and the evolution of sedimentary basins.

GEOL 50423 Petroleum Geology. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Origin, migration and entrapment of hydrocarbons, exploration and production techniques used in the petroleum industry.

GEOL 50493 Physical Hydrology. Prerequisite Geol 10113 and permission of instructor. Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per week. A study of the occurrence, movement, and exploitation of water in the hydrologic cycle including surface-atmosphere, groundwater, and surface water processes.

GEOL 50543 Sedimentary Environments and Facies. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture per week. Facies analysis and facies models applied to the problem of interpreting stratigraphic sequences and reconstructing paleogeography.

GEOL 50553 Integrating and Interpreting Subsurface Geological Data. Prerequisites: GEOL 50331 and 50361, or permission of instructor. A workstation-based practicum on managing and integrating geologic data. Students will become familiar with one or more widely-used software packages for handling multiple data sets used in oil and gas exploration and field development.

GEOL 50593 Hydrologic Modeling. Prerequisites: GEOL 50493, or permission of instructor. Elements of surface and ground water modeling with applications. Topics covered include: modeling procedures, selection of appropriate model, and presentation of results. Class consists of 2 hours lecture, and 2 hours hands-on computer modeling laboratory.

GEOL 50602 Preparation of Environmental Impact Statements. Two laboratory periods per week. The methodology of environmental impact statement preparation from initial collection of data to final report drafting is covered. The course is problem-oriented; students are taught to take the initiative in EIS preparation. (Offered as BIOL or GEOL credit.)

GEOL 50603 Introduction to Geochemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 10114-10124 or permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture per week. Application of basic chemical principles to understanding the origin, distribution and migration of chemical elements in the earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere.

GEOL 50613 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. Prerequisite: GEOL 50233, or permission of instructor. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. Petrogenesis of igneous and metamorphic rocks based on field, petrographic, chemical and isotopic data. Inferences on the evolution and dynamics of the crust and mantle. Involves use of microscope.

GEOL 50623 Volcanology. Prerequisite: GEOL 50233, or permission of instructor. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory period per week. Types and processes of volcanic eruptions; characteristics of modern volcanic products; recognition and significance of ancient volcanic deposits in the stratigraphic record. Involves use of microscope. Field trip required.

GEOL 50712 Environmental Geology. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture per week for ten weeks. Geologic processes, earth resources and engineering properties of crustal materials in the activities of society.

GEOL 50723 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. Basic introduction to GIS by use of ESRI-ArcGIS. Elements of spatial data, mapping, data representation, and geodatabases. Training in use of a GIS system to infer relationships among spatial features.

GEOL 50731 Remote Sensing Technology. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture per week for five weeks. An introduction to the technology used in remote sensing, including MSS, TM and SPOT, thermal scanners and radar imaging.

GEOL 50741 Image Processing. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture per week for five weeks. An introduction to processing techniques used to enhance the display of remote sensing images with emphasis on those techniques useful in resource mapping.

GEOL 50751 Image Interpretation. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture per week for five weeks. Geologic and resource mapping and environmental monitoring using satellite images.

GEOL 50773 Introduction to Environmental Law. Three hours lecture per week. Introduction to and analysis of selected federal statutes regulating environmental degradation and environmental clean-up, including the National Environmental Policy Act and regulation of air quality, water quality, wastes, hazardous and toxic substances and enforcement. (Offered as BIOL or GEOL credit.)

GEOL 50783 Environmental Chemistry. Prerequisites: CHEM 10114-10124 or permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture per week. Chemistry of water, soil, energy, and air as related to environmental problems. Subjects include: nutrients and eutrophication, fluorocarbons, sulfur and nitrogen oxides, Eh-pH relationships, natural carbonate reactions, and cation exchange phenomena. Cross listed with CHEM 40783.

GEOL 50863 Spatial Analysis. Prerequisites: GEOL 50723, MATH 10043 or equivalent. Application of spatial methods to interpolate surfaces from point measurement, obtaining new spatial attributes on continuous fields, and the ability to defend hypothesis based on spatial information. This course provides analytical capabilities beyond GEOL 50723.

GEOL 50883 Introduction to Environmental Engineering Technology. Introduction to fundamentals of pollution control technology; impact of federal and state legislation on the construction, modification and control of industrial plants. Other topics include hazardous pollutants, modification to ambient quality, and basic pollution modeling. (Offered as BIOL or GEOL credit.)

GEOL 50901 Computer Applications in Geology. Prerequisites: COSC 10403 or equivalent and permission of the instructor. Three hours of lecture per week for five weeks. The use of microcomputers in Geology.

GEOL 50912 Statistical Applications for Microcomputers. Prerequisite: GEOL 50901. Three hours of lecture per week for ten weeks. Statistical treatment of directional data and the use of multivariate and special regression techniques, analysis of variance, discriminate function analysis and factor analysis in solving geologic problems.

GEOL 50922 Mapping Applications for Microcomputers. Prerequisite: GEOL 50901. Three hours of lecture per week for ten weeks. Selecting and using mapping and drafting software.

Texas Christian University